New Table:  Harcourt Results on State-level Panel Data (All Permutations)

                                         

 

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

Dependent

Variable:

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Log of Homicide Rate

Insti2 & Prisoner Rate per 1,000

-0.049*

-0.042**

 

 

 

-0.049*

-0.037

 

[0.028]

[0.016]

 

 

 

[0.028]

[0.027]

All MH Residents Rate per 1,000

Dropped

 

-0.053*

 

-0.049*

 

-0.011

 

n/a

 

[0.028]

 

[0.028]

 

[0.044]

Prisoner Rate per 1,000

0.011

 

 

-0.041

-0.037

0.011

 

 

[0.044]

 

 

[0.027]

[0.027]

[0.044]

 

Real Per Cap Income

-0.000

-0.000

-0.000

0.001

-0.000

-0.000

-0.000

 

[0.002]

[0.002]

[0.002]

[0.002]

[0.002]

[0.002]

[0.002]

Percent 15 to 19

0.031

0.033

0.028

0.047

0.031

0.031

0.031

 

[0.045]

[0.045]

[0.045]

[0.042]

[0.045]

[0.045]

[0.045]

Percent 20 to 24

0.085**

0.087**

0.083**

0.095***

0.085**

0.085**

0.085**

 

[0.036]

[0.034]

[0.035]

[0.036]

[0.036]

[0.036]

[0.036]

Rate of Execution per 100,000

0.015

0.018

-0.004

0.021

0.015

0.015

0.015

 

[0.136]

[0.140]

[0.152]

[0.140]

[0.136]

[0.136]

[0.136]

Percent Urban

-0.012***

-0.012***

-0.012***

-0.014***

-0.012***

-0.012***

-0.012***

 

[0.004]

[0.004]

[0.004]

[0.004]

[0.004]

[0.004]

[0.004]

Percent Black

0.036***

0.036***

0.037***

0.040***

0.036***

0.036***

0.036***

 

[0.006]

[0.006]

[0.006]

[0.006]

[0.006]

[0.006]

[0.006]

Observations

3285

3285

3295

3285

3285

3285

3285

R-squared

0.93

0.93

0.93

0.92

0.93

0.93

0.93

 

Robust standard errors in brackets                                     

* significant at 10%; ** significant at 5%; *** significant at 1%                                    

NOTE:  Dependent variable = Log of homicide rate, population-weighted least squares regression, standard errors clustered at the state level, controlling for year and state fixed effects